‘Setting The Default To Open’: The Next Ten Years Of Open Access

20/09/2012 – 11:21 am
Tony McCall

As Techdirt has reported, open access (OA) is scoring more and more major wins currently. But the battle to gain free access to academic research has been a long one. One of the key moments was the launch of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) ten years ago, which saw the term “open access” being defined for the first time:

By “open access” to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

To mark that first decade, the BOAI site has published a series of further recommendations for the next ten years, with the aim of making “open” the default for peer-reviewed research literature.

More at:-


http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120913/05141520368/setting-default-to-open-next-ten-years-open-access.shtml

author: Glyn Moody
source: Techdirt (14/9/12)

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  1. One Response to “‘Setting The Default To Open’: The Next Ten Years Of Open Access”

  2. RCUK OA POLICY IS IN DIRECT CONTRADICTION WITH BOAI-10

    Unless *9 words* are removed from the new RCUK OA policy, it is in direct contradiction with the very first item of the new BOAI-10-Recommendations for institutions.

    Far from “setting the default to Open,” the RCUK’s new OA policy is setting the default to double-paying publishers and thereby setting the UK’s course toward researcher resistance to constraints on journal choice, resentment at the diversion of scarce research funds to double-pay publishers, outrage at the prospect of having to use their own funds when the RCUK subsidy is insufficient, and hence local policy failure — with negative repercussions for OA globally.

    RCUK Draft OA Policy:

    3. Research Council Expectations of Researchers

    …Peer reviewed research papers which result from research that is wholly or partially funded by the Research Councils:

    1. must be published in journals which are compliant with Research Council policy on Open Access (see section 4)….

    4. Compliance of Journals

    The Research Councils will continue to support a mixed approach to Open Access. The Research Councils will recognise a journal as being compliant with their policy on Open Access if:

    1. The journal provides via its own website immediate and unrestricted access to the publisher’s final version of the paper (the Version of Record), and allows immediate deposit of the Version of Record in other repositories without restriction on re-use. This may involve payment of an ‘Article Processing Charge’ (APC) to the publisher. The CC-BY license should be used in this case.

    Or

    2. **Where a publisher does not offer option 1 above,** the journal must allow deposit of Accepted Manuscripts that include all changes resulting from peer review (but not necessarily incorporating the publisher’s formatting) in other repositories, without restrictions on non-commercial re-use and within a defined period. In this option no ‘Article Processing Charge’ will be payable to the publisher. Research Councils will accept a delay of no more than six months between on-line publication and a research paper becoming Open Access, except in the case of research papers arising from research funded by the AHRC and the ESRC where the maximum embargo period is 12 months.

    BOAI-10 OA Policy Recommendations for Institutions and Funders:

    1. On policy

    1.1. Every institution of higher education should have a policy assuring that peer-reviewed versions of all future scholarly articles by faculty members are deposited in the institution’s designated repository…

    Deposits should be made as early as possible, ideally at the time of acceptance, and no later than the date of formal publication.

    University policies should respect faculty freedom to submit new work to the journals of their choice. [emphasis added]

    University policies should encourage but not require publication in OA journals [emphasis added] …

    1.3. Every research funding agency, public or private, should have a policy assuring that peer-reviewed versions of all future scholarly articles reporting funded research are deposited in a suitable repository and made OA as soon as practicable.

    Deposits should be made as early as possible, ideally at the time of acceptance, and no later than the date of formal publication…

    By Stevan Harnad on Sep 20, 2012

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